1. 安装相关软件包

在计算节点上,使用到的虚拟化技术是KVM,用到的驱动是libvirt驱动。Nova-compute主要为常见实例做一系列准备,另外定时向控制节点报道计算节点的资源状态,使得控制节点上的 nova-scheduler计划在那个计算节点上启动实例。

在computer1、2节点安装相关依赖包

yum install openstack-selinux python-openstackclient yum-plugin-priorities openstack-nova-compute openstack-utils ntpdate -y

1)在computer1、2节点配置nova.conf

cp /etc/nova/nova.conf /etc/nova/nova.conf.bak
>/etc/nova/nova.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT debug False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT verbose True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT force_raw_images True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT remove_unused_original_minimum_age_seconds 86400
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT image_service nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT use_cow_images True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT heal_instance_info_cache_interval 60
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT notify_on_state_change vm_and_task_state
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT rootwrap_config /etc/nova/rootwrap.conf
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT allow_resize_to_same_host True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT connection_type libvirt
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT instance_usage_audit True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT instance_usage_audit_period hour
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend rabbit
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT my_ip 10.1.1.153
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT use_neutron True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT firewall_driver nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vif_plugging_is_fatal False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vif_plugging_timeout 30
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT resume_guests_state_on_host_boot True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT api_rate_limit False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT block_device_allocate_retries_interval 3
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT network_device_mtu 1500
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT report_interval 60
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT remove_unused_base_images False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT reserved_host_memory_mb 512
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT service_down_time 180
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_hosts controller1:5672,controller2:5672,controller3:5672
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_userid openstack
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_password yjscloud
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_use_ssl False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_ha_queues True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_retry_interval 1
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_retry_backoff 2
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit rabbit_max_retries 0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_messaging_rabbit amqp_durable_queues False
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://yjscloud.com:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_url http://yjscloud.com:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken memcached_servers controller1:11211,controller2:11211,controller3:11211
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_type password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken project_domain_name default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken user_domain_name default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken project_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken username nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken password yjscloud
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf vnc enabled True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf vnc keymap en-us
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf vnc vncserver_listen 0.0.0.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf vnc vncserver_proxyclient_address 10.1.1.153
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf vnc novncproxy_base_url http://192.168.0.168:6080/vnc_auto.html
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf glance api_servers http://yjscloud.com:9292
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf oslo_concurrency lock_path /var/lib/nova/tmp
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf libvirt virt_type qemu
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf libvirt cpu_mode host-model
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf libvirt block_migration_flag VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_NON_SHARED_INC
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf libvirt live_migration_flag VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_PERSIST_DEST
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron url http://yjscloud.com:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron auth_url http://yjscloud.com:35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron auth_type password
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron project_domain_name default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron user_domain_name default
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron region_name RegionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron project_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron username neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf neutron password yjscloud
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf cinder os_region_name RegionOne
scp -p /etc/nova/nova.conf compute2:/etc/nova/nova.conf

注意更改ip

注意!如果是在物理机上virt_type请改成kvm! 在线热迁移: 源和目标节点的cpu类型要一致 源和目标节点的Libvirt版本要一致 源和目标节点能互相识别对方主机名称,比如可以在/etc/hosts中加入对方的主机名

vim /etc/nova/nova.conf

在[libvirt]组添加:

block_migration_flag=VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_NON_SHARED_INC
ive_migration_flag=VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_PERSIST_DEST

注:如果cpu型号不一样,比如一个cpu版本低,一个cpu版本高,那么cpu版本低上面的虚拟机可以热迁移或冷迁移到cpu版本高的上面, 但是反过来不行,如果要cpu版本高的要cpu版本高的迁移到cpu版本低的上,需要做如下设置:

vim /etc/nova/nova.conf

在[libvirt]组额外添加下面两个参数:

libvirt_cpu_mode=custom
libvirt_cpu_model=kvm64

在computer1、2节点修改/etc/sysconfig/libvirtd和/etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf文件

sed -i 's/#listen_tls = 0/listen_tls = 0/g' /etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf
sed -i 's/#listen_tcp = 1/listen_tcp = 1/g' /etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf
sed -i 's/#auth_tcp = "sasl"/auth_tcp = "none"/g' /etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf
sed -i 's/#LIBVIRTD_ARGS="--listen"/LIBVIRTD_ARGS="--listen"/g' /etc/sysconfig/libvirtd

在nfs-backend节点上操作: mkdir -p /var/lib/nova/instances#如果已存在这个目录请清空目录 然后/etc/exports里添加以下内容:

/var/lib/nova/instances *(rw,sync,no_root_squash)

重启nfs相关服务

systemctl restart rpcbind
systemctl restart nfs-server

让NFS共享目录生效:

showmount -e

在计算节点上挂载共享目录

mount -t nfs 10.1.1.155:/var/lib/nova/instances /var/lib/nova/instances
echo "/usr/bin/mount -t nfs 10.1.1.155:/var/lib/nova/instances /var/lib/nova/instances" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local
cd /var/lib/nova
chown -R nova:nova instances/
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local
cat /etc/rc.d/rc.local
df -h
nova-manage vm list
nova live-migration 10.1.1.153
nova-manage vm list
8-1-28

2)设置libvirtd.service 和openstack-nova-compute.service开机启动

systemctl enable libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service
systemctl restart libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service
systemctl status libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service

3)添加环境变量

cat <<END >/root/admin-openrc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=admin
export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=yjscloud
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://yjscloud.com:35357/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
END
cat <<END >/root/demo-openrc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=demo
export OS_USERNAME=demo
export OS_PASSWORD=yjscloud
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://yjscloud.com:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
END
`

4)验证

source /root/admin-openrc
openstack compute service list
8-1-29